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H2020 - Better integration of evidence on the impact of research and innovation in policy making (CO-CREATION-08-2016)

Deadline

Doelstellingen

Types of action: RIA Research and Innovation actionDeadline Model: single-stage Specific Challenge:The growing attention given to research and innovation over the past decades has resulted in increased amounts of public funding being channelled to research and innovation, but also to a variety of policies and funding programmes being put in place in Europe, in order to maximise the quality and impact of this funding. These policies have been wide in scope, ranging from basic research all the way up to supporting the market introduction of innovation and used a variety of instruments, oriented not only towards the production of knowledge and innovation, but also towards optimising the processes by which innovations are generated (including Co-Creation). Investments in R&I must be smart and efficient and obtain the most value for every euro invested. This requires clear strategies for investing in R&I coupled with quality R&I programmes and strong institutions capable of implementing these programmes in close connection with the business sector and other stakeholders such as civil society. In addition, there is a clear need to improve the overall framework conditions for transforming R&I investments into tangible results, whether as new products or services or in terms of less tangible impacts such as improvements in the quality of life or inclusion. The challenge for policy makers is to design policies and programmes with targeted funding to address well identified bottlenecks and which are adapted to the specific context of the research and innovation system in question. This is key to improving the efficiency of the European research and innovation system as a whole, as was stressed by the Commission in its Communication on 'Research and innovation as sources of renewed growth'. [[COM(2014) 339 Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: Research and innovation as sources of renewed growth.]] Designing such policies and programmes requires a sound evidence base around the performance of research and innovation systems, the impact of research and innovation policies, the impact of research and innovation on economic growth, job creation and societal progress, and on the way in which public funding and policies can influence performance and impact. The Commission regularly publishes authoritative reports (e.g. the Innovation Union Scoreboard and the Innovation Union Competitiveness Report) which contribute to this evidence base, but given the increasing importance of research and innovation and recent evolutions in this field, the analysis regarding these issues needs to become more sophisticated. Scope:Research will focus on establishing new methodologies for assessing the performance and impact of research and innovation and the ways in which public policies and funding can influence these. This should focus in particular on the following aspects: (2016) Integration of research and innovation in macro-economic models: fiscal policies are often supported by macro-economic models to make an ex-ante assessment of the impact of budgetary measures and structural reforms. This includes dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models, macro-sectoral models and econometric modelling. A common shortcoming of these macro-economic models is that they typically do not account for the long-term benefits of public research and innovation investments and policies, fail to take full account of the quality of these investments, or do so only in a limited manner. Projects should focus on developing modelling approaches which go beyond the current state-of-the-art by incorporating for instance: the distinction between public and private research sectors and the different ways in which public funding and policies can incentivise increased activity and quality in these sectors; the fact that quality of research and innovation is not homogenous (including at sectoral level) or the influence public policies can have on the quantity and quality of the stock of highly skilled people, on the link between human capital and the production and use of knowledge, on the productivity of knowledge production or on spill-over and technology diffusion mechanisms; (2016) Improving the parameterisation of the aforementioned models: in addition to developing novel modelling approaches, further work is also needed on empirically determining the underlying parameters (elasticity factors) used in the aforementioned models and which link for instance the human capital stock to knowledge production, the production, diffusion and use of knowledge to innovation or which quantify the effect public policies have on these parameters; (2017) New indicators for assessing research and innovation performance: projects should focus on developing and applying new indicators for assessing the performance of distinct elements of the research and innovation system, including the impact of research and innovation policies. These should go beyond the typical bibliometric and patenting indicators, as these only offer a limited view, in particular in an evolving landscape in which for instance open access mechanisms, social media, social innovation people mobility assume an increasing role. Such new indicators should allow policy makers to assess in a broader and more comprehensive way evolutions in performance and how these are linked to policy reforms; (2017) Determining the societal impact of research and innovation funding: policy makers need to justify research and innovation spending by demonstrating the impact it has in terms of broader societal benefits. Projects should develop and test new ways to assess the societal impact of public funding allocated to research and innovation, for instance by building on examples of quantitative approaches (such as the USA's Star Metrics initiative or the European SIMPATIC project) or could develop qualitative approaches . Projects should take a broad approach and go beyond evaluating impacts in terms of productivity growth, economic growth and job creation, by also assessing the impact of public funding on tackling major societal challenges such as those defined in Horizon 2020. Projects to be funded on the 2016 budget should address either the first or second issue described above or can combine them in one project. Projects to be funded on the 2017 budget should address either the third or fourth issue described above or can combine them in one project. The Commission considers that proposals requesting a contribution from the EU of between EUR 1 and 1.5 million would allow this specific challenge to be addressed appropriately. This does not preclude submission and selection of proposals requesting other amounts. Expected Impact:Depending on the aspect addressed, and in line with the scope above, projects are expected to respectively deliver the following impact: 

  • The development of models which provide a realistic assessment of the variety of ways in which research and innovation activities transmit into outputs and impact and of the ways in which public funding and policies can influence this transmission;
  • An empirical determination of realistic values for the underlying parameters used in the models;
  • A monitoring of research and innovation performance which captures the broader spectrum of ways in which research and innovation activities translate into outputs and impact, in which knowledge circulates between public and private sectors and internationally or through which quality of research and innovation can be assessed;
  • A reliable assessment of the societal benefits generated by public funding for research and innovation, not only in terms of productivity growth, economic growth and job creation, but also the impact it has on tackling major societal challenges.

Budget

3.500.000 (indicatief)

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Horizon Europe

Inleiding

Horizon Europa is het negende kaderprogramma van de Europese Unie voor onderzoek en innovatie. Ze bestaat uit 3 pijlers: Excellente wetenschappen, Wereldwijde uitdagingen en Europees industrieel concurrentievermogen en Innovatief Europa. Daarnaast bevat het programma ook nog een horizontaal deel met maatregelen om de lidstaten te ondersteunen om optimaal gebruik te maken van hun nationale onderzoeks- en innovatiepotentieel en de Europese onderzoeksruimte te versterken.

Doelstellingen

Horizon Europe is het kaderprogramma van de EU voor onderzoek en innovatie. Het beoogt de wetenschappelijke en technologische basis van de EU en de Europese Onderzoeksruimte (EOR) te versterken, het innovatie- en concurrentievermogen en de werkgelegenheid te stimuleren 

Welke soort acties:

Eerste pijler: Excellente wetenschappen

De drie onderdelen van de eerste pijler zijn:

  • Europese Onderzoeksraad (ERC): subsidies voor talentvolle en creatieve individuele onderzoekers en hun team om grensverleggend onderzoek te doen. Alle onderzoeksdomeinen komen in aanmerking. De combinatie van verschillende domeinen is essentieel. Alle nationaliteiten komen in aanmerking, maar het onderzoek moet wel in een van de lidstaten of geassocieerde landen plaatsvinden.
  • Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions (MSCA): de nadruk ligt op mobiliteit, carrièreontwikkeling en opleidingen van onderzoekers. Alle onderzoeksdomeinen komen in aanmerking. MSCA ondersteunt verschillende mogelijkheden voor (wereldwijde) uitwisseling van onderzoekers en ondersteunend personeel in dezelfde sector of tussen verschillende sectoren. Centraal staat het uitbouwen van competenties of projecten waarbij trainingen worden aangeboden aan doctorandi en postdoctorale onderzoekers voor het uitbouwen van een succesvolle carrière.
  • Onderzoeksinfrastructuur (RI): ontwikkeling, onderhoud en gebruik van pan-Europese onderzoeksinfrastructuren. Er zijn mogelijkheden voor opleidingen en uitwisseling van personeel en onderzoekers voor het gebruik en onderhoud van de infrastructuur. Coördinatie van het gebruik van deze infrastructuren tussen de verschillende lidstaten staat hoog op de prioriteitenlijst.

Tweede pijler: Wereldwijde uitdagingen en Europees industrieel concurrentievermogen

De tweede pijler focust op wereldwijde uitdagingen en bestaat uit zes clusters:

  • Gezondheid
  • Cultuur, creativiteit en een inclusieve samenleving
  • Civiele veiligheid voor de samenleving
  • Digitaal, industrie en ruimtevaart
  • Klimaat, energie en mobiliteit
  • Voeding, bio-economie, natuurlijke grondstoffen, landbouw en milieu

Het Gemeenschappelijk Centrum voor Onderzoek van de Europese Commissie (JRC) valt ook onder deze pijler.

Derde pijler: Innovatief Europa

De drie onderdelen van de derde pijler zijn:

  • Europese Innovatieraad (EIC) 
  • Europese innovatie-ecosystemen
  • Europees Instituut voor Innovatie en Technologie (EIT)

Horizontale pijler: Deelname verbreden en de Europese Onderzoeksruimte versterken

De twee onderdelen van de horizontale pijler zijn:

  • Deelname verbreden en excellentie verspreiden
  • De Europese O&I-systemen hervormen en verbeteren

Werkprogramma's

 

Nieuwe elementen

Horizon Europe omvat een aantal nieuwe onderdelen ten opzichte van het programma tot 2020:

  • de vijf missies gericht op het oplossen van de volgende maatschappelijke problemen: klimaatadaptatie, kanker, gezonde oceanen, zeeën, kusten en binnenlandse wateren, klimaat neutrale en slimme steden en tot slot gezonde bodem en voedsel;
  • het open wetenschapsbeleid (digitaal toegankelijk maken van wetenschappelijke publicaties) en;
  • een nieuwe benadering van de partnerschappen (vallend onder pijlers 2 en 3). Dit zijn initiatieven waarbij de EU en particulieren en/of publieke partners zich ertoe verbinden gezamenlijk de ontwikkeling en uitvoering van een programma van onderzoeks- en innovatieactiviteiten te ondersteunen. Een voorbeeld hiervan zijn de zogenaamde Knowledge & Innovation Communities (KIC’s, Kennis- en Innovatiegemeenschappen) zoals KIC InnoEnergy, KIC Urban Mobility en de Climate KIC.

Bekijk hier een korte video over Horizon Europe

Budget

Budget 2021-2027: 95,5 miljard euro

Synergieën

Synergieën zijn mogelijk met de volgende programma's:

  • European Agricultural Guarantee Fund and the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development
  • European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF)
  • European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)
  • European Social Fund Plus (ESF+)
  • Connecting Europe Facility (CEF)
  • Digital Europe Programme (DEP)
  • Single Market Programme
  • Programme for Environment and Climate Action (LIFE)
  • Erasmus Programme
  • European Space Programme
  • Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument (the ‘External Instrument’)
  • Internal Security Fund and the instrument for border management as part of the Integrated Border Management Fund
  • InvestEU Fund
  • Innovation Fund under the Emission Trading Scheme (the Innovation Fund)
  • Euratom Research and Training Programme
  • European Defence Fund
  • Individuele personen
  • Internationale organisaties
  • kmo's
  • Koepelorganisaties
  • Lokale overheden
  • Ngo's
  • Non-profit organisaties
  • Onderzoeksinstellingen
  • Private ondernemingen
  • Publieke ondernemingen
  • Regionale of bovenlokale overheden
  • Scholen
  • Universiteiten/hogescholen

Thema('s)

Digitale agenda
Ondernemingsbeleid
Energie en klimaat
Migratie
Veiligheid en defensie
Justitie en burgerschap
Milieu
Cultuur en Media
Onderzoek en Innovatie
Plattelandsbeleid
Transport
Zorg en welzijn

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